The Social Security registered 2,419,877 foreign affiliates in August, once seasonality and the calendar effect were discounted. There are 41,440 more workers than the previous month and the increase in this group so far this year rises to 113,000.
If we take February 2020 as a reference, before the impact of the pandemic, the system registers an increase of 230,000 foreign workers.
In August, this figure represents 12.1% of the total number of Social Security affiliates in seasonally adjusted terms.
In average terms and without seasonal adjustment, Social Security had 2,437,491 foreign contributors in August, of which 834,461 are from European Union countries (34.2%) and 1,603,030 from third countries (65.8% remaining). They suppose 14,001 affiliates less than the previous month. 55.8% are men (1,358,729), while 44.2% are women (1,078,762).
The largest groups of foreign workers come from Romania (330,155), Morocco (277,937), Italy (163,819), Colombia (123,850) and Venezuela (119,235).
In addition, among other nationalities, there are 60,469 members from Ukraine. Their number has been growing steadily since the beginning of the Russian invasion. They are 12,891 more than in February, the month before the impact of the war.
The majority of workers from Ukraine who work in Spain, around 70%, are included in the General Regime, that is, they are salaried workers and 9% are self-employed.
According to these data, of the countries that contribute the most workers to the system, only among those of Venezuelan nationality are there more women employees (50,043) than men (47,857). As for the self-employed, in the 5 most numerous nationalities there is a superiority of working men.
Most of the foreigners are affiliated to the General Regime, a total of 2,032,319, which represents 83.3%.
For its part, the Self-Employed Regime has 399,520 foreign affiliates. Of the total foreign self-employed workers, 15.4% are of Chinese nationality, followed by those from Romania (11.1%) and Italy (8.9%).
As for the sectors, the increases in Household activities (5.4%), Energy supply (3.1%), Health activities (1.6%), Water supply (1.6%) and Recreational activities (1.4%). The most pronounced decreases were registered in Education (-10.7%) and Agriculture (-6%).
In the last month, the average affiliation of foreigners increased especially in Cantabria, Asturias and the Canary Islands, with 1.3% more employed persons, followed by Navarra (1.2%). The average affiliation of foreigners falls, among other communities, in Castilla-La Mancha (-7%), Region of Murcia (-4.3%) and Aragón (-1.8%).
In the last twelve months, the average affiliation of workers from other countries has grown by 9.8%, that is, it has added 217,394 employed persons.