By Andrew Atkinson

New ITV compulsory vehicle inspection tests come into force on June 1 in Spain – including the likelihood of a vehicle failing with a damaged wing mirror.

From June 1, a ABS braking systems faults will become a defect automatically and subject to a fail, rather than a minor fault notification as previously.

Wing mirrors came under minor faults, including loose mirrors or one hanging off, but that also will change to an ITV fail.

Criteria has been introduced for the emissions, with changes affecting electric cars with an extended battery life per charge, known as Range-Extended Electric Vehicles (REEVs) that also includes procedures for identifying motorcycles with advanced emission-control systems.

The vehicle log book will now be held on the traffic authority’s General Vehicle Register, identified by the test centre.

Spanish law requires the document be kept inside the vehicle at all times when it is in use. If a driver is unable to show it to police when stopped, it could result in a fine.

The ITV is undertaken on all cars of four years old or over, every two years. A car 10 years old, the ITV is compulsory annually.

Notification of the ITV will arrive automatically by post. Those with cars which have undergone at least one ITV, it is their responsibility to ensure the vehicle passes before the previous one expires.

An ITV test pass sticker with the expiry date is given, to be displayed in the top left-hand corner of the windscreen, removing previous ones.

ITVs are undertaken at official, State-run testing centres, and the capital town of every comarca, or mini-county.

Oil and water levels and filters do not form an integral part of the test, but the driver will be notified if these are low or need replacing. The vehicle could fail if they are run dry, or in a very bad condition.

In failing the ITV the owner has up to 30 days to repair defects and put it through the test again. A re-test fee is 50% of that of the initial approximately €40-50 fee.

Driving with an out-of-date ITV can lead to a €500 fine. Driving after a fail, before passing a re-test, owners face a  fine of €200.

Other changes in the inspectors’ manual have been made to cover the re-registration of cars with British registration number plates, when owned and used on Spanish roads by a resident in Spain.

Re-registration is part of a process of importing. Fees for doing so could be higher after Britain left the Common Market and Customs Union on December 31.