Pedro Sánchez has outlined his plan for the transition to a “new normality” which he says will last six to eight weeks as long as there is no additional outbreak of the Coronavirus. The restrictions on travel to other provinces and Spanish islands continues to remain in force as does the restrictions on many businesses and parts of the economy.
In his address to Congress earlier this week, Sánchez outlined the four steps which must be taken. While he would not give specific dates, he did say that each phase should take a minimum of two weeks. If, therefore, everything continues to go to plan and the number of Coronavirus cases and deaths do not see an upward trend, Spain could be out of the full lockdown, which has crippled the country, within four weeks.
The full details of the transition have not yet been written in law but the general steps are outlined below.
Phase 0 – Preparation for the De-escalation
This is the current situation. The contagion curve is on a downward trend. Mobility is permitted outside the home in areas where there is a low or zero associated risk of contagion. Safety instructions and social distancing measures must be observed, based on the responsibility and self-protection of citizens (individual no contact sports activity and walks, care of family gardens, some economic activities with capacity control, etc.). During this phase, measures may be adopted that exclusively affect certain territories. In particular, islands without external mobility and where rates of infection were practically zero.
Phase 1 – Beginning Phase
Depending on the fulfillment of the indicators in the different territories, the partial opening of activities will be allowed. In particular, economic activities such as opening small businesses by appointment or counter service, restaurants and cafes with delivery, take away, activities in the agricultural field, sports activities, professionals, tourist accommodation without using common areas and with restrictions, among other activities.
Phase 2 – Intermediate Phase
In this phase the partial opening of activities that are still restricted in phase I, with capacity limitations, such as restaurants with table service and terraces, common areas of tourist accommodation, large commercial surfaces, etc.
Phase 3 – Advanced Phase
In this phase the partial opening of activities that are maintained restricted in phase I, with capacity limitations, such as restaurants with table service and terraces, common areas of tourist accommodation, large commercial surfaces, etc.
A “New Normality”
Social and economic restrictions end, but vigilance continues.